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Covid-19 Impacts the Body as a Whole

Covid-19 Accelerates Biological Ageing

  • Accelerated biological ageing is seen in Covid infection

(Cao et al., 2022 doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-29801-8)

Covid-19 Stays in the Body After Initial Infection

  • Covid can persist throughout the body and brain even following mild/asymptomatic infections, for at least 230 days. (Chertow et al., 2021 *preprint doi: 10.21203/


  • COVID-19 can persist within the gut for at least 7 months after infection. 1(Gaebler et al., 2021 doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03207-w), 2(Natarajan et al., 2022 doi: 10.1016/j.medj.2022.04.001)


  • Residual COVID-19 virus has been found in the appendix and breast tissue, 175- and 462-days post-infection, respectively. (Goh et al., 2022 *preprint doi: 10.21203/


  • COVID-19 virus can persist in the eyes after initial infection. (Armstrong et al., 2021 doi: 10.1002/sctm.20-0543)


  • COVID-19 virus can be found and continues to replicate in the testes even after death. (Costa et al., 2022 *preprint doi: 10.1101/2022.02.05.22270327)


  • Covid virus particles found in penis tissue of men infected 6-8 months earlier, who later experienced erectile dysfunction. (Kresch et al., 2021 doi: 10.5534/wjmh.210055)

Why Covid-19 Staying in the Body is Concerning: Viral Persistence Can Cause Serious Illness Many Years Later

• Persistent Hepatitis C infection increases risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).

(Mitchell et al., 2015 doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2015.09.003)

• Persistent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer

(Sudenga et al., 2013 doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2012.12.027)

• Persistent HIV infection leads to immunodeficiency and AIDS

(Pauza, 1988 doi: 10.1016/0008-8749(88)90310-3)

• Persistence of Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) can cause development of multiple sclerosis

(Ruprecht, 2020 doi: 10.1080/1744666X.2021.1847642)

• Persistence of varicella zoster virus (VZV), which causes chickenpox, can result in shingles and Ramsey Hunt Syndrome

(Gershon et al., 2015 doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2015.16)

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